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Adding Polynomial Expressions

Q:  Add: (3x3+2x2-5x) + (-4x3-x2-8x)

A:  Here we are just asked to clean things up and combine like terms: basically, add apples with apples and oranges with oranges, but don’t accidentally add apples with oranges!

x3 terms get added with x3 terms
x2 terms get added with x2 terms
x terms get added with other x terms

So, let’s use color to highlight the like terms:

(3x3+2x2-5x) + (-4x3x2-8x)

How many total x3 terms do you have? 3x3+ -4x3 = -1x3

How many total x2 terms do you have? 2x2+x2 = 1x2

How many total x terms do you have? -5x+ -8x = -13x

Did we forget anyone?  Did anyone not have a match that we need to bring along?  Nope! Everyone from both sets of parentheses is accounted for!

So, final answer:

(3x3+2x2-5x) + (-4x3x2-8x) = -1x3 + 1x2 13x

Since we tend not to write the “1”, you might see the answer displayed as:

x3 + x2 13x

 

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